Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan(SSA - Kozhikode)

District Profile

KOZHIKODE- Gateway to the Western World

District  Head Quarters Kozhikode
Area 2,344 Sq.Km
Population 28,78,498
Literacy 92%

 

 

Geographical hints: - 71 Km Seashore. North-east area covering forest. Embilasserry, Nattuvaram, Mottila are the important hills.

Rivers: Kuttiyadi, Korapuzha, Kallai, Chaliyar,Kadalundi  and Mayyazhi.

Total forest land : 41,386 Hectare
          Opening up the gateway of India to Vasco-da-Gama the adventurous Portuguese navigator in 1498, Kozhikkod has carved for itself a landmark in the history of India. The land of the ancient Zamorins had many more things to offer to the western world other than the savoury spices for which they even ventured to discover a sea route.
          Occupying a prominent place in the international trade map of the country right from the 13th century Kozhikkod paved the way for trade tourism in India. This trade centre is regaining much of its ancient glory by opening up air routes to Persian Gulf and other regions.

Kappad
            Vasco da Gama landed on this beach on 27 May 1498 with three vessels and 170 men. Sixteen Kms from Kozhikkod town this extensive beach of historical importance is one of the major beaches being developed in Kerala with a view to tourism promotion.


Kallai
             Kallai on the bank of River Kallai has the pride of being the major timber trading centre in Kerala. It still remains a potential trade centre of the timber industry.


Vadakara
           Vadakara has a prominent place in the folkore of Kerala. Lokanarkavu, the famous temple of Thacholi Othenan the hero of the Vadakkanpattu Ballads is only 5 Kms from here. Vadakara is reverberating with stories of the heroic exploits of Othenan.

              Following the footsteps of the martial hero Othenan the famous martial art form of Kerala. Kalarippayattu has several arenas in Vadakara.The erstwhile Malabar district of British India became a part of the newly formed Kerala  state on November 1st 1956. And a new revenue district named Kozhikode was formed on 1st  January  1957. Calicut is the anglicized form of ‘Kalikut’, the Arabic word for the Malayalam Kozhikode. It is also called ‘cock fort’. According to historian, K.V.Krishna Iyyer the term means Koyil (palace) Kodu (fortified). Anyhow it is a historical town with a rich past to proud of.

.: History :.

              Kozhikode was known to the world even before Christ as the Centre of Malabar, the land of Spices and festivals. Traders have been coming here for  centuries in search of  spices and other precious commodities. Vascoda Gama opened the gateway to India by landing at ‘Kappad’, 16 Kms north of Kozhikode city in May 1498 as the leader of a trade mission from Portugal. He was welcomed by the Zamorin of Calicut.  Kozhikode attained a position of pre-eminence in the trade of pepper and other spices since 13th Century, which made it an ‘Indian Emporium’ of international trade. As Kozhikode offered full freedom and security, the Arabs and Chinese merchants preferred it to all other parts.
             The major sources of income of the people of Kozhikode are agriculture, fisheries and industries. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people and it continues to be the primary economic source of the district. According to the latest census report agriculture provides full time employment to 15.52 percent of the total workers. More than half of the income of the district is from agriculture and allied sectors. Heterogeneity in Cultivation Practices and diversity in cropping patterns are the important features of agriculture in the district. The predominant crops of the low land and the mid land regions are Coconut, paddy, tapioca, ginger, Areconut and pepper, while plantation crops like cocoa, coffee etc are dominant in the high land regions.
The natural forests fall made three main categories, the southern tropical most deciduous, Western tropical west evergreen and semi ever green. The important rivers of district are Mahe river, the Morrad (Kutttiadi river), the Korapuzha, the Kallai river, the Chaliyar and the Kadalundi river. The total area under forests in Kozhikode district is estimated as 291.2268 Sq.Kms., that is reserve forests 86.1388 Sq.Kms and vested forests 205.0880 Sq.Kms

Topography
Topographically the district includes three distinct region – the Sandy belt, the rocky highlands formed by the hilly portion of the Western Ghats and lateritic midland. The total area of the district is2344 Sq.Kms, comprising 362.85 sq.Kms of Sandy Coastal belt, 1343.50 Sq.Kms of lateritic midlands, and 636.765 Sq.Kms of rocky high lands. The district has a coastal length of about 80 Kms. The highland region accounts for 29.80 percent and the low land region for 15.55 percent of the total area of district. Kozhikode district has one City Corporation, Two municipalities, three taluks, and 117 villages.

Kozhikode District at a glance

Area 2344 Sq.Kms
Rural 2004 Sq.Kms
Urban 340 Sq.Kms
District Head Quarters Kozhikode
Population 28.78 Lakh
Males 13.98 Lakh
Females 14.79 Lakh
Scheduled Caste 1.85 Lakh
Scheduled Tribal 5407 Nos
Urban Population 11.00 Lakh
Calicut Corporation Population 4.36 Lakh
Rural Population 17.77 Lakh
Number of Literates 23.51 Lakh
Males 11.82 Lakh
Females 11.68 Lakh
Number of Households 457000 Nos
Projected Population (1992-2000) 29.55 Lakh
Revenue Division 1
Taluks 3
Parliament Constituencies 2
Blocks 12
Panchayats 78
Villages 117
Corporation 1
Municipality 2

Land structure

             The total area of the district is 2345 Sq. Kms. Out of these 336 Sq. Kms fall under urban area and the remaining 2009 Sq. Kms falls under rural area.The district is bounded on the north by Kannur district, on the east by Wayanad district, on the south by Malappuram district and on the west by the Arabian Sea. Kozhikode district is situated between n North latitudes 11.08’ and 11.50’ and East longitudes 75.30’ and 76.08’. The area of this district is 2345 Sq.Kms.

Area of the District : Kozhikode.
Rural / Urban Area in Sq. Km
Urban 336
Rural 2009
Total 2345

 

Source : Final  Population Totals (Supplement 2001)

        The natural forests fall made three main categories, the southern tropical most deciduous, Western tropical west evergreen and semi ever green. The important rivers of district are Mahe river, the Morrad (Kutttiadi river), the Korapuzha, the Kallai river, the Chaliyar and the Kadalundi river. The total area under forests in Kozhikode district is estimated as 291.2268 Sq.Kms., that is reserve forests 86.1388 Sq.Kms and vested forests 205.0880 Sq.Kms.
DISTRICT INCOME
            The major sources of income of the people of Kozhikode are agriculture, fisheries and industries. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people and it continues to be the primary economic source of the district. According to the latest census report agriculture provides full time employment to 15.52 percent of the total workers. More than half of the income of the district is from agriculture and allied sectors. Heterogeneity in Cultivation Practices and diversity in cropping patterns are the important features of agriculture in the district. The predominant crops of the low land and the mid land regions are Coconut, paddy, tapioca, ginger, areca nut and pepper, while plantation crops like cocoa, coffee etc are dominant in the high land regions.
Fishing is the main occupation of a large number of people in the coastal belt. Fishing industry makes sizable contribution to the economy of the district. The major fish landing centres are Beypore, Vellayil, Puthiyappa, Koyilandy, Vatakara, and Chombala.
Another major source of income of the people of Kozhikode is industry. There are large scale and small-scale industries like textiles, steel, tiles, soap, cosmetics, oils, wheat flour, coir, printing & publishing, Timber, Seafood processing in this district. Kallai was known as the world’s best timber trading centre. Feroke is the cradle of the tile industry in Kerala. Majority of the people who live in the rural areas win their bread from agriculture related occupations. As the 2001 census reveals 15.52 % of the total workers makes their livelihood engaging in this area. The local people are engaged in coolie works. They get jobs at irregular intervals. The head load workers, coconut tree climbers, female farmers etc.. belong to this category. Labourers, skilled workers form a major section of the population. Drivers, Artisans, Tailors, Spinners, Carpenters, Masons, Plumbers, Fabricators, Electricians etc... are skilled workers.
The traditional labours like barbers, goldsmiths, blacksmiths, and cobblers are another category. Employees both in public and private sector constitute a small portion of the total working population.
The most important thing about the occupational status of the district is that a large number of people depend up on Gulf countries for their livelihood. They contribute greatly for the economical advancement of the district.
POPULATION
The population of the district as per census 2001 is 28, 78,498, which comes about 9.0% to total population of the state. As per this report Kozhikode stands in the fifth place in the district population rate of Kerala. The male population of this district is 1398674 and the female population is 1479824. The density of the population of this district is 1228 Sq.Kms and the sex ratio is 1058. The population of the district has recorded an increase of 9.87% as per the 2001 census. The district has an urban population of 10, 00,104 and a rural population of 16, 09,579. Over 61.58% of the district population comes under the rural area.
Density of Population
As per the census 2001 density of population in Kozhikode district is 1228. The block wise details are given below. Source : Final  Population Totals (Supplement 2001)

Block (CD)
Area in Sq. Km
Population
Density of Population
Balussery 278.5 231764 832
Panthalayani 69.5 104575 1505
Kozhikode 92.7 327265 3530
Chelannur 138.7 208450 1503
Kunnamangalam 324.5 303354 935
Kunnummal 262.5 189745 723
Melady 84.1 126008 1498
Thuneri 144 135116 938
Perambra 275 159273 579
Koduvally 390.5 261710 670
Thodannur 97 127467 1314
Vatakara 50.9 123016 2417
Kozhikode Coro 84.29 436556 5179
Vatakara Mun 21.32 75847 3558
Koyilandy Mun 29.09 68982 2375

 

EDUCATIONAL PROFILE
There are 1054 primary schools and 313 secondary schools in the district at the end of the year 2001-02 under general education department. In the secondary school  level there are 78 higher secondary schools and 28 Vocational higher secondary schools, and 3 Technical schools. The fisheries technical higher secondary high schools are situated at  Koyilandy, Beypore and madappally there is residential school at vatakara. At Silver hills there is Juwanile Home also.   In the higher educational sector the district has 1 Medical College, 4 Engineering Colleges, 3 Poly Techniques, 1 Dental college, 1 Homoeopathic Medical College, 4 Industrial Training Institutes, 1 Physical Education college and 1 Oriental textile institute. In the teacher training sector there are 8 Colleges of Teacher Education (CTE) (out of these 3 are University teacher education centres.), 4 Teacher Training Institutes and 1 DIET. The DIET has both pre-service and in-service units. The pre-service units conduct T.T.C. course where as in service unit comprises 6 different units namely Educational Technology, District Resource Unit, IFIC, CMDE, Planning and Management and work experience to provide in service training to primary teachers. In addition to these there are 25 Arts and Science Colleges and 1 Law College under the University of Calicut.

Details of Schools IN KOZHIKODE District
Standard- wise number of L.P Schools (I -IV, I -V,I-VII &V-VII)

Sl No Standard No. of Schools
Govt Aided Total
1 I-IV 203 477 680
2 I-V 8 48 56
3 I-VII 83 180 263
4 V-VII 12 36 48
Total 306 741 1047

 

Standard- wise number of High Schools

Sl No. Standard No. of Schools
Govt Aided TOTAL
1 I-X 14 13 27
2 V-X 22 29 51
3 VIII-X 9 17 26
4 I-XII 11 12 23
5 V-XII 9 12 21
6 VIII-XII 8 2 10
Total 73 85 158

 

There are 379 Govt Schools, 826 Aided Schools and 41 Unaided Schools in the District. And a total number of 1246 Schools